India is the land that shows vivid architecture.It exhibits different variety and styles that dates back to hundreds and thousands of years.Its grand, its exquisite and exemplary. India is the land that’s been invaded by rulers in various time zones and era who left their imprints in the form of vernacular monuments and rich architecture.The presence of inscriptions on monuments by different rulers are the examples which showcase their rich heritage.Architecture as a discipline was the prime focus since ages.It evolved as we progressed and with the dawn of development.The rulers of various kingdom left their mark in the form of writings,monuments and inscriptions that dates back to hundreds and thousands of years.Different architectural styles emerged in different periods and so its manifestations.Monuments ranged from simple structures to the most complex of building types that demonstrates perfect craftsmanship of the people involved in the process.They are unique, grand, exquisite and exemplary.We have got monuments which are ancient structures to the modern age structures.
We have got rich and varied heritage that is admired and adored world over.Our tourism industry thrives on Indian culture and heritage.Most of these monuments are vivid and spectacular that has left its mark on the global scene.Most of the tourists flock towards India for its rich diversity of architectural monuments and heritage.In an attempt to restore these architectural marvels the Government of India has recognized these monuments as world heritage sites.These masterpieces which are the pride of our nation that exhibits our rich cultural and religious heritage, is a work of art, are the gems by our ruling ancestors.Some of these works of art and jewels which are worth mentioning and that i want to highlight in my blog are Amer Fort, Group of monuments at Hampi, Qutub Minar and Ajanta and Ellora caves
First i would like to draw your attention to AMER FORT which is located near Jaipur in Rajasthan.It is one of the memoirs of Rajput architecture, it is built by Raja Man Singh and Sawai Jai Singh.It holds Diwan-e-Aam or “Hall of Public Audience“,Diwan-e-Khas or the “Hall of Private Audience“and Sukh Niwas.The chambers consists of latticed screens of which is the chamber of the queen.It consists of Jai mandir or the “temple of victory” and Sheesh Mahal the “Hall of Mirrors“.
The second is the GROUP OF MONUMENTS AT HAM PI which is located in the Deccan heartland in the state of Karnataka.It is characterized by the 14th century ruins .The remains consists of palaces and getaways that symbolizes power,passion and glory.It is spread over 26 sq km area with giant stones and plantations,Vidya Sagar which are the monuments of Vijayanagar city was built in 1336-1570 AD from the times of Harihara-1 to Sadasiva Raya. There were several royal buildings too.Temples are characterized by large dimension, florid ornamentation, bold and delicate carvings, stately pillars ,magnificent pavilions and wealth of iconographic and traditional depictions which includes subjects from Ramayana and Mahabharata.Here we have got Vitthala temple which demonstrates Vijayanagar style.Massive statues of Lakshmi, Narsimha and Ganesha adorn the area.Some other temples include the Krishna temple ,Pattabhirama temple, Hazara Ramachandra and Chandrasekhara temple which are the Jain temples.The place is adorned with storied Mandapas and bazaars.The place also consists of ‘Lotus Mahal‘ and Queen’s palace.Various architectural remains consists of Dhananayaka’s enclosure, the Mahanavami Dibba carrying beautiful sculptured panels, ponds, tanks, mandapas, the elephant stables and row of pillared mandapas. Presence of palatial complex is noted. Some of the remains include stone images, beautiful terracotta objects, stucco figures, gold and copper coins, household utensils, a square stepped tank, number of ceramics, porcelain and inscribed Buddhist sculptures of 2nd and 3rd century AD.
Then comes the famous QUTUB COMPLEX which is in Delhi.It is the site that i personally visited and it has got myriads of story to tell. The beauty and the grandeur of the place is mesmerizing. The place is engulfed with the Islamic imprints on the structures.The Minar has a diameter of 14.32 m at the base and about 2.75 m on the top with a height of 72.5 m.Some of the other structures that are present are the Alai Darwaza, Quwat-ul-Islam mosque, the tombs of Altamish Ala-ud din Khalji, Iman zamin ,The Alai Minar, Iron pillar. The purpose for which the minar was erected was for the prayer calls.Shams-ud-din Iltutmish completed the minar. Projected balcony surrounds the storeys. It has stone brackets for support which are decorated by honey comb design .There is the iron pillar which is located in the courtyard that has Sanskrit inscription in Brahmi script of fourth century AD. The pillar was setup as a Vishnudhvaja (standard of god Vishnu) on the hill known as Vishnupada in memory of a mighty king named Chandra.A deep socket located on the ornate capital indicates that probably an image of Garuda was fixed into it.The tomb of Iltutmish remains as a focal point which was built in 1235 AD.It consists of square chamber of red sandstone profusely carved with inscriptions, geometrical and arabesque patterns in Saracenic tradition on the entrances and the whole of interior.Some of the motifs are the remnants of the Hindu designs. The other structures include the Alai Darwaza,the southern gateway of Quwat-ul-Islam mosque which was built by Ala -ud -Din Khalji in 710 AD.Engraved inscriptions and carvings tells the story of their own.The building employs Islamic principles of construction and ornamentation.Other structures in Qutub complex includes Alai minar which was commenced by Ala-ud-Din Khalji, madrasa, graves, tombs, mosque and architectural members.
Now I would like to draw your focus on AJANTA CAVES which are located in Maharashtra.Built around 2nd century BC to 6th century these are the Buddhist caves.The caves exhibit richly decorated fresco paintings, reminiscent of the Sigiriya paintings and sculptures in Sri Lanka.Presence of 31 rock cut cave monuments which represents religious art of Buddhism. ELLORA CAVES are also located in Maharashtra built around 600 to 1000 AD .It represents the culture mix of Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism. It consists of 34 monasteries and temples which runs along a length of 2 km. It reflects the artistic creation of the ancient Indian civilization.
These are some of the finest monuments that’s been included here in my blog.These are the examples of fine craftsmanship and workmanship of the artisans and craftsmen.It has made design a common language for all of us.The presence of engravings and inscriptions tells a story of its own.The intricate details and ornamentation adds to the lustre and appeal.The carvings and the inlay work remains as a thing of beauty.